Assessment 3 – Digital Artefact and Contextual Statement

Assessment 3: Contextual statement to digital artefact about inequality

When I gradually felt that jobs like dish cleaner, watchmen, all kinds of cleaning jobs, or odd jobs were nearly filled up with elderly, the usually answers were:

“Because no one wanted these jobs, the elderly who in need of earning a living will grab it!”

“Any young person taking up these kinds of job must bear some sort of problems or some may even have criminal records”.

“These jobs are for the unable useless elderly, any able normal person that is more useful will look for other higher paid or more comfortable jobs”.

Some may even say that as long as the society offers employment and paid the elderly, what else more should they ask for? They are old and less competent both physically and mentally after all.

Besides showing the concept of job discrimination, this assignment mainly aims at age discrimination that has been a norm in Hong Kong.

In Hong Kong, it seems that there is no age inequality. Retired elderly are highly encouraged to work again. The new retirement age, as confirmed by the Civil Service Bureau, is 65 for general civil servants and 60 for members of disciplined services. Many non-government organisations have arranged activities to promote this respect and match jobs to the elderly. Furthermore, many employers claim that many of their unpopular vacancies are now filled up with the elderly. Even our Chief Executive-Carrie Lam is 60, while all of the officials are aged over 50, with seven of them aged over 60.

It is real that there is a discontinuity to the labour forces and a decrease in birth rates is only one of the reasons. The elderly returns to work is really a win-win-win-win situation – lessen burden for the welfare from the government; NGOs can sustain their services; job vacancies from employers are filled with low cost labour; unwanted jobs from the society can be filled up by elderly.

However, only top retired elites and experts can return to the job place to extend their career or taking up management levels in public or private sectors. Hong Kong tycoons or those who can start their own business, including doctors, accountants, lawyers and businessmen can continue their career at any ages because it is their own business, provided that they are still capable of. Those at intermediate or elementary levels are unlikely to continue their career at retirement age.

Notwithstanding the low wages and long working time, many elderly are too willing to accept out of earning a living without needing any one to force them! In fact, a job for many elderly is a need rather than a pass time. Therefore, this becomes a norm that elderly is considered to be the most suitable group to fill up those unwanted jobs. For examples, cleaners, dish-washing, car-washing, etc. Willing or not, in front of a job that is not their usual career, elderly must adjust their mindset to accept a lower salary and even lower status when returning to the job market after retirement.

There should not have been discrimination in occupations. When there is a job in society means there is a need for someone to serve. Be it highly-esteemed or unwanted jobs as tagged by society, it should be fine as long as elderly are happy to take. However, not all individuals are the same, and some would like to continue their career, instead of starting a new one. Why is there lacking in opportunity for those elderly who want to extend their career and work until they are unfit? Want it or not, only the jobs mentioned above are available.

My eye-brows were raised when looking for examples in aged employee. The western examples in the video are not top experts and elites, but they can still extend their careers. The aged nurse, flight attendant, office worker, and technical staff assisting in data research sill have chances as offering by their societies.

On the other hand, can we bear the old flight attendant with wrinkles on her face when she serves In Hong Kong? Who set the norm that young and beautiful is a must in this industry?

In Hong Kong, is there any medical management willing to take the responsibility for fearing of this 91 years old nurse who is likely to go wrong when judging by her age alone?

Will there be any employer who is willing to hire the 100 years old man for an office position that are easily taken up by young persons or office ladies in Hong Kong?

There will be surely no opportunity for the 70 years old lady working as a management analyst assistant in Hong Kong as she is not a top expert and young graduates can take up her post, let alone her bachelor and master degree are all obtained after 60’s.

Workers near retirement age in private sectors may receive lower salaries than other workers in the same position, low to no chances in job promotions, and is the best convenient targets for redundancy in organisational restructuring.

Please judge base on ability, not by age! Elderly can be a resource, but not a cost. If there had been the term Social Inclusion, there should have been also a term called ‘Age Inclusion’.

 

References:

Army Materiel Command Headquarters, 2013. 70 Year Old AMC Worker Attempts Cartwheel, Tells Inspirational Story. [online video] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MKPtOZGAPyM

Bullock, P 2017, ‘Age Discrimination in Employment – a new frontier for Hong Kong labour laws?’, King&Woods Mallesons, 21 March. Available from: http://www.kwm.com/en/hk/knowledge/insights/age-discrimiation-in-employment-20170321

CNN, 2016. Lessons from 60 years as a flight attendant. [online video] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JFyOkcApLaw

Ge, C 2016, ‘Retire at 60? Don’t force it … why we need Hong Kong’s ageing population to keep working’, SCMP, 31 March. Available from: http://www.scmp.com/news/hong-kong/education-community/article/1932196/retire-60-dont-force-it-why-we-need-hong-kongs

NBC 2017, ‘Inspiring America: Meet America’s ‘Oldest Working Nurse’’. Available from: http://www.nbcnews.com/nightly-news/video/inspiring-america-meet-america-s-oldest-working-nurse-904240195800

NTDTV, 2013. 100-Year-Old British Man Still Enjoys Work. [online video] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pHwzygEFRfI

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BCM240 Assessment 2 – Blog Review

In the days when ‘Yahoo’ was a popular website, it was a popular choice to be default as home page of a browser. Although I hate to do so but it seemed that there was not much other choice. To be as informative as possible, the ‘Yahoo’ page was full of many kinds of information squeezed into one scrolling page. However, at that time net speed was not very fast and it took a long time to load this home page! When the search page of Google was available, I immediately made it my home page.

The reasons of my choice were simple, neat and fast that had shown in Google’s web page. This principle in design had impressed me much and was kept in my mind.

My WordPress blog site is audience oriented that the design is based on the same vision of simple and neat layout for easy to read, and a fast traffic for convenient to access. The blog looks like a simple and effective homepage with unlimited scrolling as facilitated in the menu bar and the sidebar. Furthermore, a supporting information sidebar is used and blog posts are separated labelled.

Continue reading “BCM240 Assessment 2 – Blog Review”

Final Research Project

Comparing the gradual change in media, habit of audience and place of watching television broadcasting over decades in Hong Kong – This is the topic of the research that I looked into.

I have used wix.com as the main platform to present all my findings. The link below will take you directly to the digital project.

https://kaayuetxd.wixsite.com/bcm240project

Also, I will include the self-reflection here, which can also be found in my website.

Self – Reflection

Continue reading “Final Research Project”

Week 9 – Multitasking – an indispensable living style in contemporary daily lives

Attention economics is an approach to the management of information that treats human attention as a scarce commodity, and applies economic theory to solve various information management problems (Crawford, 2015). It has been asserted that “attention economy” that promises increased efficiency while posing a potential threat to our stress levels and ability to focus (Carr, 2011).

In this blog, attention is pay on the effect of multitasking rather than aiming at attention economy. Multitasking, or switch tasking are attempting to do multiple attention-requiring tasks at the same time. Nowadays, it is impossible for one to work on single task alone, no matter during work or at home. A receptionist, either face to face or over the phone, always performs in multitasking to assure the waiting clients are being attended, at least. Even a housewife that is usually considered to be living leisurely also performs housework in multitasking ways – making the beds while baking and do the laundry.

Continue reading “Week 9 – Multitasking – an indispensable living style in contemporary daily lives”

Does media intervene? – an inequality in global media

It has been widely critised that the 2016 U.S. president election with Trump and Clinton as the candidates was the worst election ever. CNN even remarked “One that won’t result in the best of us being sent to Washington, but rather the worst of us being revealed.” (Ruiz 2016). Indeed, media has left tonnes of similar remarks that were too many to cite. This special circumstance has turned the local U.S. president election into a global issue.

Moreover, it has been widely believed that the media has bias against Trump before the election. In fact, The Washington Times supported this point of view with a Quinnipiac University poll of 1,007 likely U.S. voters conducted in October 2016 and remarked that “Donald Trump claims the news media are against him, and Americans appear to agree.” (Harper 2016).

Has the media lost its neutrality by intervening and induced inequality? Bias against Trump with unfair image and descriptions should be an unfair treatment and had constituted unequal opportunities that even could affect the outcome of the election; that is inequality tended to deprive Trump of his rights in the process of this social interaction – the election.

During the 2016 election, many articles had point out the media malpractice – media intervention, and cite evidence of biasing against Trump resulted from media intervention (Mayur & Westervelt 2016). Some even considered it was media’s conspiracy against Trump (Kant 2016). If there is media intervention, can these be the full picture of inequality in media?

Now the election was over. No matter there was media intervention or not, Trump is the winner. However, during President Trump’s first 100 days in office, there is nearly not a single major topic where his coverage was still overwhelmingly negative as analysed by a report from Harvard Kennedy School’s Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy (Patterson 2017). This indicates unfavorable press coverage of a president.

Graph 1. Tone of Trump’s U.S. Coverage by Topic. Besides the economy aspect, all his statements made were preponderantly negative.

fig1

Source: Media Tenor, January 20-April 29, 2017. Percentages exclude news reports that were neutral in tone, which accounted for about a third of the reports.

Despite of this academic prove, the majority will not be surprised to see these negative tones of coverage on the topics by Trump based on his words and behaviour. Trump has violated not only some fundamental spirits of US, but also general conventional values of the global majority.

For another view on the tone of Trump’s coverage in terms of news outlet in graph 2, Fox News, widely considered to be Trump’s medium supporter, was the only news outlet in the study that was approximately giving Trump equal positive and negative coverage, while all other media imposed negative view.

Graph 2. Tone of News Coverage Based On U.S. News Outlets

fig2

Source: Media Tenor, January 20-April 29, 2017. Percentages exclude news reports that were neutral in tone, which accounted for about a third of the reports.

This showed the early days of Trump’s presidency have been marked by missteps and self-inflicted than any past presidency. However, to my surprise many articles more than I can cite have based on this Harvard University study as an evidence of media bias against Trump (Durden 2017; Heat Street Staff 2017; Richman 2017). Does negative tones always necessary means to bias against?

It seems that Trump has been treated unequally from the days of the election up to his present presidency. However, there are numerous reasons for media to attack him when further looking into the situation.

Before proceeding, the following ideas will not be explored in this analysis:

  • Which candidate has been right or wrong and worthy of the presidency.
  • The political influence behind, either intra-US or out of US.
  • Which medium and press is “right” or “wrong”

Unquestionably, this Harvard academic analysis (Patterson 2017) has pointed out that Trump really has received a great extent of negative press coverage. However, just basing on the statistics alone can we say this outcome reflected Trump has been tarnished or treated unequally by media?

In fact, Trump has generated tonnes of missteps that journalists do not need to worry what to dig for their next headline. Based on Trump’s outrageous behaviour, it is hard to tell if the negative press coverages are selectively highlighted as all had come from his assertion.

The followings are only some of the assertions came from Trump’s mouth:

  • to construct a wall across the Mexican border to stop undocumented immigration, but the latest proposal was building the wall as a solar wall to creates energy and pays for itself (Jacobs 2017);
  • asserted to ban all Muslims entering the US in the name of curbing anti-terrorism (Zurcher 2017);
  • accuses Obama of wiretapping him without evidence (Gaudiano & Stanglin 2017);
  • deny secretly record his conversations with fired FBI Director James Comey but earlier raising the possibility that he did (Collinson 2017);
  • alleged without evidence that “millions of people” voted illegally for Hillary Clinton during the election (LoBianco 2016);
  • climate change denial and withdrawal from the Paris Agreement (Sampathkumar 2017);
  • …… together with his poor relation with the press that there are even more than I can tell.

Trump has violated not only some fundamental spirits of US, and his vision that is deviated from the norm has triggered much anger of the global majority. Despite of this Harvard academic prove, it is not surprised to see negative tones of coverage on Trump attributed to his words and behaviour. Objectively speaking, it is hard to judge whether media has deliberately highlighted Trump when consider the Harvard statistic alone.

However, looking closer to the articles from some US press, it is obvious to see the problems of media intervention. If it is Trump himself who asks for the negative coverage that he deserves, there are evidence that mainstream media has intervened in the coverage of Hillary Clinton.

A batch of the former secretary of state’s emails released cast conflict of interest between the Clinton Foundation and the State Department when Hillary Clinton served as secretary of state. This had put the Clinton campaign to an awkward situation. However, the headline of pro-Clinton New York Times stated “Emails Renew Questions About Clinton Foundation and State Dept. Overlap” with a tone that could just possibly be worthy of further exploration (Lichtblau 2016), while the anti-Clinton New York Post stated “ Emails reveal Hillary’s shocking pay-for-play scheme”, that is in a certain tone of Hillary’s involvement (Fredericks & Halper 2016).

The health of Hillary Clinton had raised public attention that would affect the Clinton campaign, but the mainstream media is conspiring with the Clinton campaign to cover up Hillary Clinton’s Rapidly Failing Health (Snyder 2016).

It cannot be denied that prejudices due to race, class, gender and region to a certain extent, though should not be existed, seems to be unavoidable as the press is staffed by human beings. The worst is that some press act as the tank of political party and even some traditional public-trusted mainstream news outlets have acted as political tools. As we all know media intervention is not uncommon especially in those iron-curtain or communist countries, but this also happens in a so-called democratic and liberal nation.

Some may say media intervention is just an opened secret and they had already lost confidence to these mainstream media. Recently, 62 percent of US adults get news from social media (Gottfried & Shearer 2016). The convenience of social media, supported with advanced internet and hardware technology, enable fake or biased  news to be generated at low cost but highly effective and became prevalent on social media. No matter the nature, background and purposes of these news generators, fake news is socially costly. Finally, under these “processed news”, wherever existed in mainstream or social media, the society will be the poorer.

How Donald Duck Changes to Donald Trump WoW!

Gif picture modified from https://www.facebook.com/uniladmag/videos/2799657736723934/

Sorry if you dislike Donald duck after seeing this, and I am even sorrier if you like Donald duck because of this.

References:

Collinson, S 2017, ‘Trump ends his self-made crisis where it started: Twitter’, CNN, 23 June. Available from: http://edition.cnn.com/2017/06/22/politics/trump-comey-tapes-recordings-white-house/index.html.

Durden, T 2017, ‘Harvard study reveals huge extent of anti-Trump media bias’, ZeroHedge, 19 May. Available from: http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-05-19/harvard-study-reveals-huge-extent-anti-trump-media-bias. [28 May 2017].

Fredericks, B & Halper, D 2016, ‘Emails reveal Hillary’s shocking pay-for-play scheme’, New York Post, 9 August. Available from: http://nypost.com/2016/08/09/emails-reveal-hillarys-shocking-pay-for-play-scheme/?mpweb=755-1613148-711686381.

Gaudiano, N & Stanglin D, 2017, ‘Trump, without evidence, accuses Obama of wiretapping him; ‘Simply false,’ Obama spokesman says’, USA Today, 4 March. Available from: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2017/03/04/trump-accuses-obama-wiretapping-him-before-election/98734316/.

Gottfried, J & Shearer, E 2016, ‘News Use across Social Media Platforms 2016’, Pew Research Center, 26 May. Available from: http://www.journalism.org/2016/05/26/news-use-across-social-media-platforms-2016/.

Harper, J 2016, ‘A majority of voters agree: The media is biased against Trump’, The Washington Times, 20 October. Available from: http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2016/oct/20/voters-agree-media-biased-against-donald-trump/. [28 May 2017].

Heat Street Staff 2017, Harvard study reveals huge extent of anti-Trump media bias. HeatStreet. Available from: https://heatst.com/culture-wars/harvard-study-reveals-huge-extent-of-anti-trump-media-bias/. [29 May 2017].

Jacobs, J 2017, ‘Trump Says ‘Solar Wall’ on Mexican Border Would Pay for Itself’, Bloomberg, 22 June. Available from: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-06-22/trump-says-solar-wall-on-mexican-border-would-pay-for-itself.

Kant, G 2016, Here it is: Evidence of media conspiracy against Trump. WND. Available from: http://mobile.wnd.com/2016/11/washington-post-cnn-busted-in-pro-hillary-conspiracy/. [28 May 2017].

Lichtblau, E 2016, ‘Emails Renew Questions About Clinton Foundation and State Dept. Overlap’, The New York Times, 9 August. Available from: https://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/10/us/politics/emails-renew-questions-about-clinton-foundation-and-state-dept-overlap.html?_r=0.

LoBianco, T 2016, ‘Trump falsely claims ‘millions of people who voted illegally’ cost him popular vote’, CNN, 28 November. Available from: http://edition.cnn.com/2016/11/27/politics/donald-trump-voter-fraud-popular-vote/index.html.

Mayur, R & Westervelt, T 2016, Media Malpractice? Media Bias and The 2016 Election. Investor’s Business Daily. Available from: http://www.investors.com/politics/commentary/media-malpractice-media-bias-and-2016-election/. [29 May 2017].

Patterson, TE 2017, News Coverage of Donald Trump’s First 100 Days. Harvard Kennedy School. Available from: https://shorensteincenter.org/news-coverage-donald-trumps-first-100-days/?utm_source=POLITICO.EU&utm_campaign=ab6d830a9d-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_05_19&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_10959edeb5-ab6d830a9d-189799085. [29 May 2017].

Richman, J 2017, ‘Harvard study agrees with MRC: media biased against Trump’, NewsBusters, blog post, 19 May. Available from: http://www.newsbusters.org/blogs/nb/jackson-richman/2017/05/19/harvard-study-agrees-mrc-media-biased-against-trump. [29 May 2017].

Ruiz, R 2016, ‘The worst election ever’, CNN, 20 September. Available from: http://edition.cnn.com/2016/09/20/opinions/worst-election-ever-ruiz/. [29 May 2017].

Sampathkumar, M 2017, ‘Donald Trump’s climate change denial is ’embarrassing’, says Michael Bloomberg’, Independent, 21 June. Available from: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/trump-climate-change-denial-embarrassing-michael-bloomberg-paris-agreement-global-warming-a7801546.html.

Snyder, M 2016, ‘There is a mainstream media conspiracy to hide Hillary Clintons’s rapidly failing health’, Infowars, 25 August. Available from: https://www.infowars.com/there-is-a-mainstream-media-conspiracy-to-hide-hillary-clintons-rapidly-failing-health/#disqus_thread.

Zurcher, A 2017, ‘Is Trump’s immigration order legal?’, BBC News, 6 February. Available from: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-38766364.

 

Week 7&8 – Television behaviour across two generation (Research Proposal)

The television media was the space “in which, and by which, societies exist as social forms of shared experience” (Castells, 2004).

The days of television broadcasting in the seventies of Hong Kong are not new to the audience of most yester-generation, but only a few people knew what was in the television in the fifties and early sixties because of the high television subscription fee. Meanwhile the existing young audience is too familiar with the present media that may be “too new to the old”. There is not much initiative to drive this new generation in looking back to the past that is “too old to the new”.

Continue reading “Week 7&8 – Television behaviour across two generation (Research Proposal)”

…..and media intervention continue.

Based on the 2016 US election, my last blog delivered the question about media intervention. This inequality tended to deprive Trump of his rights in the process of this social interaction – the election.

However, when further looking into the situation, is Trump really deprived of? Before proceeding, I must state that the followings are not going to explore in this article:

  • Which candidate has been right or wrong and worthy of the presidency.
  • The political influence behind, either intra-US or out of US.
  • Which medium and press is “right” or “wrong”

As mentioned earlier, there are many articles make use of the report from Harvard Kennedy School’s Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy (Patterson 2017) to claim the unfavorable press coverage of a president. However, I think just based on these negative tones alone cannot concluded media intervention to bias against Trump.

Unquestionably, this Harvard academic analysis has pointed out that Trump really received a great extent of negative press coverage. However, can we say this outcome reflected media malpractice that Trump has been tarnished?

In fact, Trump has generated tonnes of missteps that journalists do not need to worry what to dig for their next headline. Based on Trump’s outrageous behaviour, it is hard to tell if the negative press coverages are selectively highlighted.

The followings are only some of the assertions came from Trump’s mouth:

  • to construct a wall across the Mexican border to stop undocumented immigration, but the latest proposal was building the wall as a solar wall to creates energy and pays for itself (Jacobs 2017);
  • asserted to ban all Muslims entering the US in the name of curbing anti-terrorism (Zurcher 2017);
  • accuses Obama of wiretapping him without evidence (Gaudiano & Stanglin 2017);
  • deny secretly record his conversations with fired FBI Director James Comey but earlier raising the possibility that he did (Collinson 2017);
  • alleged without evidence that “millions of people” voted illegally for Hillary Clinton during the election (LoBianco 2016);
  • climate change denial and withdrawal from the Paris Agreement,(Sampathkumar 2017);
  • …… together with his poor relation with the press that there are even more than I can tell.

Trump has violated not only some fundamental spirits of US, and his deviated-from-the-norm vision has triggered much anger of the global majority. Despite of this Harvard academic prove, it is not surprised to see negative tones of coverage on Trump attributed to his words and behaviour. Objectively speaking, it is hard to judge whether media has deliberately highlighted Trump when consider this alone.

However, looking closer to the articles from some US press, it is obvious to see the problems of media intervention. If it is Trump himself who asks for the negative coverage that he deserves, there are evidence that mainstream media has intervened in the coverage of Hillary Clinton.

A batch of the former secretary of state’s emails released cast conflict of interest between the Clinton Foundation and the State Department when Hillary Clinton served as secretary of state. This had put the Clinton campaign to an awkward situation. However, the headline of pro-Clinton New York Times stated “Emails Renew Questions About Clinton Foundation and State Dept. Overlap” with a tone that could just possibly be worthy of further exploration (Lichtblau 2016), while the anti-Clinton New York Post stated “ Emails reveal Hillary’s shocking pay-for-play scheme”, that is in a certain tone of Hillary’s involvement (Fredericks & Halper 2016).

The health of Hillary Clinton had raised public attention that would affect the Clinton campaign, but the mainstream media is conspiring with the Clinton campaign to cover up Hillary Clinton’s Rapidly Failing Health (Snyder 2016).

It cannot be denied that prejudices due to race, class, gender and region to a certain extent, though should not be existed, seems to be unavoidable as the press is staffed by human beings. The worst is that some press act as the tank of political party and even some traditional public-trusted mainstream news outlets have acted as political tools. As we all know media intervention is not uncommon especially in those iron-curtain or communist countries, but this also happens in a so-called democratic and liberal nation.

Some may say media intervention is just an opened secret and they had already lost confidence to these mainstream media. Recently, 62 percent of US adults get news from social media (Gottfried & Shearer 2016). The convenience of social media, supported with advanced internet and hardware technology, enable fake or biased news to be generated at low cost but highly effective and became prevalent on social media. No matter the nature, background and purposes of these news generators, fake news is socially costly. Finally, under these “processed news”, wherever existed in mainstream or social media, the society will be the poorer.

How Donald Duck Changes to Donald Trump WoW!
Gif picture modified from https://www.facebook.com/uniladmag/videos/2799657736723934/

Sorry if you dislike Donald duck after seeing this, and I am even sorrier if you like Donald duck because of this.

 

References:

Collinson, S 2017, ‘Trump ends his self-made crisis where it started: Twitter’, CNN, 23 June. Available from: http://edition.cnn.com/2017/06/22/politics/trump-comey-tapes-recordings-white-house/index.html.

Fredericks, B & Halper, D 2016, ‘Emails reveal Hillary’s shocking pay-for-play scheme’, New York Post, 9 August. Available from: http://nypost.com/2016/08/09/emails-reveal-hillarys-shocking-pay-for-play-scheme/?mpweb=755-1613148-711686381.

Gaudiano, N & Stanglin D, 2017, ‘Trump, without evidence, accuses Obama of wiretapping him; ‘Simply false,’ Obama spokesman says’, USA Today, 4 March. Available from: https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2017/03/04/trump-accuses-obama-wiretapping-him-before-election/98734316/.

Gottfried, J & Shearer, E 2016, ‘News Use across Social Media Platforms 2016’, Pew Research Center, 26 May. Available from: http://www.journalism.org/2016/05/26/news-use-across-social-media-platforms-2016/.

Jacobs, J 2017, ‘Trump Says ‘Solar Wall’ on Mexican Border Would Pay for Itself’, Bloomberg, 22 June. Available from: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-06-22/trump-says-solar-wall-on-mexican-border-would-pay-for-itself.

Lichtblau, E 2016, ‘Emails Renew Questions About Clinton Foundation and State Dept. Overlap’, The New York Times, 9 August. Available from: https://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/10/us/politics/emails-renew-questions-about-clinton-foundation-and-state-dept-overlap.html?_r=0.

LoBianco, T 2016, ‘Trump falsely claims ‘millions of people who voted illegally’ cost him popular vote’, CNN, 28 November. Available from: http://edition.cnn.com/2016/11/27/politics/donald-trump-voter-fraud-popular-vote/index.html.

Sampathkumar, M 2017, ‘Donald Trump’s climate change denial is ’embarrassing’, says Michael Bloomberg’, Independent, 21 June. Available from: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/trump-climate-change-denial-embarrassing-michael-bloomberg-paris-agreement-global-warming-a7801546.html.

Snyder, M 2016, ‘There is a mainstream media conspiracy to hide Hillary Clintons’s rapidly failing health’, Infowars, 25 August. Available from: https://www.infowars.com/there-is-a-mainstream-media-conspiracy-to-hide-hillary-clintons-rapidly-failing-health/#disqus_thread.

Zurcher, A 2017, ‘Is Trump’s immigration order legal?’, BBC News, 6 February. Available from: http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-38766364.

Week 6 – Have I violated the law?

Article according to “Street Photographer’s Rights” by the Arts Law Centre of Australia.

During the preparation for the study of “Television behaviour across the generations”, some photographs have been taken in public places, like inside a restaurant. The faces of some people can be seen clearly inside the photograph. Furthermore, I have not acknowledged or informed all the persons there that I had to take photograph; no permission from the people or the restaurant had been asked for; these people were not informed after they were in my photograph; I had not explain why they were in my photograph and what am I going to do with the photograph.  Do these constituted a breach of law?

Continue reading “Week 6 – Have I violated the law?”

Week 4 – …and the story continues

In the blog of week 2, my interviewee mentioned television watching during his childhood. At that time all the family sat in the lounge watching television. Besides this, neighbours and their friends came and watch the television show “Batman”. Visiting somebody’s home and watch television was also a form of social gathering in the 1960’s.

In the 1970’s of Hong Kong, the trend of all the family sat in the lounge and watch television still exist, especially for some episodes and the evening news. However, television became affordable to most families and no subscription fee was required in wireless broadcasting later. There was no need to go to someone else’s home to watch television and audience become localized mainly in family bases rather than grouping audience from different families to interact with one another.

Continue reading “Week 4 – …and the story continues”

Week 5 – Movie seeing in the old days

“During my infancy, I was not much really enjoying my cinema times. Movie usually last for more than an hour was too long to an infant of several years old. I could neither understand English nor Mandarin movies. Only sections from one to two Cantonese films were still occupying my mind.”

“We bought two tickets and there went four of us to the cinema. My elder brother presented the tickets to the usher, while I was carried by my mother and my elder sister was sneaking in behind us.”

When my interviewee saw I raise my eyebrow, he continued. “We did not go to the extreme. At that time it was not uncommon for one adult bringing four to five children in. Some children even waited in the lounge for “suitable” unknown adults that couples were the best target. Two to three children followed behind their target so that ushers mistaken them as the children of these audiences.”

Continue reading “Week 5 – Movie seeing in the old days”